It is enacted in the laws of Venice that if a foreigner is proved to have directly or indirectly attempted to kill a citizen, the citizen against whom he plotted will take half of his goods. It is widely thought that you will not only forget about the penalty, a pound of this poor merchant's flesh, but will even let some of the money go, touched by human gentleness and love. Such a wise judge! Promote high school close reading skills and analysis of Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice in the classroom and in distance learning contexts. Upon my power I may dismiss this court, Unless Bellario, a learnèd doctor, Whom I have sent for to determine this, Come here today. The court awards it, and the law doth give it. I hope justice comes to you! This is what I have to say against your desire to seek justice and make the strict court of Venice carry out the merchant's punishment. It is not so expressed, but what of that? Can no prayers pierce your stubborn heart? together. Hold on a second. Answer, shall I have it? You’ll ask me why I rather choose to have, A weight of carrion flesh than to receive, Three thousand ducats. And early in the morning we will both hurry to Belmont. You can tear it up after the debt has been paid. Therefore I ask you to make no more offers and use no more strategies to persuade him. I beg you, don't let his young age make you underestimate him. Say how I loved you. You are welcome. 'Tis very true. If that is not enough, I will pay ten times the sum of money, or else give up my hands, my head, my heart. Send the deed after me,And I will sign it. When it is paid according to the tenor. Wait, Jew. I am armed and well prepared.— Give me your hand, Bassanio. [To ANTONIO] Therefore, lay bare your chest. She at least cuts me off from this lingering misery. Come you from old Bellario? Go, hurry. I must leave tonight for Padua, and I really must be getting on my way now. What a noble judge! On your knees, then, and beg for the Duke's mercy. The law hath yet another hold on you. “Your grace shall understand that at the receipt of, your letter I am very sick, but in the instant that your, messenger came, in loving visitation was with me a, acquainted him with the cause in controversy between the. Merchant of Venice Act 4, Scene 1 Modern English Translation Meaning Annotations – ICSE Class 10 & 9 English. Here in the court, of all he dies possessed. A pound of that same merchant’s flesh is thine. Be valued against your wife’s commandment. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, The party 'gainst the which he doth contrive, And the offender’s life lies in the mercy. You must prepare your bosom for his knife. Merchant of Venice Teacher Guide # 037879. And I assume this is the lawyer coming now. Like many other humanist plays from the early modern English Renaissance, The Merchant of Venice features a lot of allusions to ancient Greek and Roman literature. Should I backtrack on my oath and make my soul guilty of perjury? It is not so expressed, but what of that? I beseech you, let his lack of years be no impediment to, let him lack a reverend estimation, for I never knew so, gracious acceptance, whose trial shall better publish. Good sir, this ring was given me by my wife. So says the bond. It blesseth him that gives and him that takes. That thou shalt see the difference of our spirit. There's something else. Materials are delivered in Word Doc and PDF formats. You hear the learned Bellario, what he writes.And here I take it is the doctor come.—Give me your hand. Click to Rate "Hated It" ... an unexpected act or event saving a seemingly hopeless situation, especially as a contrived plot device in a play or novel. An if your wife be not a madwoman, And know how well I have deserved the ring, She would not hold out enemy forever For giving it to me. You might as well ask the wolf why he makes the ewe cry by eating the lamb. Shylock enters the court and the Duke tells him that all of the men gathered there expect him to pardon Antonio and forgive the debt. Dear sir, of force I must attempt you further. What, are you answered yet? You are pursuing a strange case, but there is nothing under Venetian law that can stop you from proceeding. Unless you can rip the official seal off my contract, all you're doing by speaking so loudly is hurting your own lungs. Beg that thou mayst have leave to hang thyself, And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, Thou hast not left the value of a cord. Literary Characters Summed Up in Quotes from The Office; The #1 … There is no power in Venice. A Daniel come to judgment, yea, a Daniel!—. [aside] These be the Christian husbands. The law has another requirement of you. Actually understand The Merchant of Venice Act 4, Scene 1. He attendeth here hard by To know your answer whether you’ll admit him. Some men there are love not a gaping pig, Some that are mad if they behold a cat, And others, when the bagpipe sings i' th' nose, Cannot contain their urine. Your desires are wolfish, bloody, starved, and ravenous. and that he makes a will here in this court in which he leaves everything upon his death to his son-in-law Lorenzo and his daughter. Therefore I ask you to make no more offers and use no more strategies to persuade him. That cannot happen. What a just judge! And know how well I have deserved the ring. but if in cutting it off you shed one drop of Christian blood, your lands and goods will be confiscated by the state of Venice by the city's laws. And now my mind is set on it. [He gives GRATIANO the ring] Go, Gratiano, run and catch up with him. Cheer up, Antonio! You know the law. She usually makes a wretched man outlive his wealth, so that when he is old and has a wrinkled brow he looks on his own poverty. "Your grace should understand that at the time you are reading this I am very sick, but when your messenger came to me I happened to have a young lawyer from Rome visiting. Soft, no haste. Take some remembrance of us as a gift, not payment. You may as well do anything most hard, As seek to soften that—than which what’s harder?— His Jewish heart. I have never seen a young man with so much wisdom. The Jew shall have all justice. I pray you, know me when we meet again. Salerio personifies Report as an old woman who tells him what she hears about Antonio's ships. [to PORTIA] Sir, I entreat you home with me to dinner. But since he remains stubborn and there's nothing I can do legally to escape him, I will meet his anger with patience and suffer his tyranny and rage quietly. And I say that this law applies to you because it seems clear that you have contrived indirectly and directly against Antonio's life and now must face the danger I just elaborated on. Year Published: 1597 Language: English Country of Origin: England Source: Shakespeare, W. (1597).The Merchant of Venice.New York: Sully and Kleinteich. [To ANTONIO] Give me your gloves. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court—. While the doctor claims that only a mad woman would be upset about giving a ring to the man who saved Bassanio's best friend, Portia is actually testing Bassanio's fidelity. Shakespeare uses dramatic irony here for comedic effect. Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall. Away, make haste. We consulted many law books together. I have sent for him to decide about this case. So take what is yours, take your pound of flesh, but if in cutting it off you shed one drop of Christian blood, your lands and goods will be confiscated by the state of Venice by the city's laws. Well, then, this is it: you must prepare your chest for his knife. By my soul I swear that nothing anyone can say can change my mind. An upright judge, a learnèd judge! It's a good thing you're making this wish behind her back. To cut what is owed to me off of that bankrupt man over there. out of pity for the losses that recently have come to weigh upon Antonio, which were enough to ruin a royal merchant, enough to make even the stone-hearted feel bad for him, enough to make even the stubborn Turks and Tartars, who aren't used to showing any courtesy, take pity on him. For if the Jew do cut but deep enough, I’ll pay it presently with all my heart. The play is divided up by act, with each act featuring "before you read" questions, a discussion of the literary elements found in that act, a list of vocabulary (with definitions) that may be unfamiliar to the student, and an act summary. Fare you well. Fare you well. What if my house be troubled with a rat And I be pleased to give ten thousand ducats To have it baned? No, none that thou hast wit enough to make. It is a doubly blessed thing: it blesses both the person showing mercy and the person receiving mercy. Instant PDF downloads. I acquainted him with the cause in controversy between theJew and Antonio the merchant. Some men dislike pigs, others go crazy if they see a cat, and others can't help but urinate when they hear the bagpipes. I am ready and well prepared. English Maths Physics Chemistry Biology. If you take the prop that holds up my house, you take my house, too. Are you answered? Shylock, there’s thrice thy money offered thee. I would not draw them. Your desires are wolfish, bloody, starved, and ravenous. Why is the Jew waiting? Instant downloads of all 1386 LitChart PDFs. And the guilty man's life is in the hands of the Duke alone and his mercy. I see you make generous offers. Tell her how I loved you. I wouldn't take your offer if it were six times six thousand ducats. Doth it not, noble judge?“Nearest his heart”—those are the very words. He must not do that. Shylock replies that he has already sworn by his Sabbath that he will take his pound of flesh from Antonio. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth. I will meet his anger with patience and suffer his tyranny and rage quietly. I told him about the controversial case between the Jew and Antonio the merchant. The weakest fruit drops earliest to the ground. I have possessed your grace of what I purpose. Some men dislike pigs, others go crazy if they see a cat, and others can't help but urinate when they hear the. The words expressly are “a pound of flesh.” Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh, But in the cutting it if thou dost shed One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods Are by the laws of Venice confiscate Unto the state of Venice. This ring, good sir—alas, it is a trifle. Why do you make them sweat doing work? I am sorry that your leisure serves you not.—Antonio, gratify this gentleman,For in my mind you are much bound to him. I pray thee, pursue sentence. The Merchant of Venice is a puckish play written by Shakespeare a long time ago. It would be good for you to do it out of charity. I wish she were dead and in heaven so that she could beg some holy power to come change this beastly Jew's mind. So take what is yours, take your pound of flesh. Give me your hand, Bassanio. If it were up to me, you'd have ten more, to make twelve judges to send you to the gallows instead of the baptismal fountain. Do not draw back your hand. Give me your gloves. No one in Venice is powerful enough to alter an agreed-upon decree. Will I not be given back even the original amount I lent? pun, metaphor, simile, foreboading, imagery, and so on. Your wife would give you little thanks for thatIf she were by to hear you make the offer. The law allows it, and the court awards this to you. Shylock, everyone thinks—and I agree—that you're just putting on a show of such malice until the very last minute. If thou takest more Or less than a just pound, be it but so much As makes it light or heavy in the substance Or the division of the twentieth part Of one poor scruple— nay, if the scale do turn But in the estimation of a hair, Thou diest and all thy goods are confiscate. Therefore you must be hanged at the state's expense. I order you by the law, which you must obey, to go on and make judgment. Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb. Your grace hath ta'en great pains to qualify. You take my house when you do take the prop That doth sustain my house. Be merciful, Shylock. Pardon not that. Most worthy gentleman, my friend and I have been acquitted of serious penalties because of your wisdom. Therefore thou must be hanged at the state’s charge. You can tear it up after the debt has been paid. I have sent for him to decide about this case. Tell me to tear up the agreement. His name is Balthazar. I beg you, don't let his young age make you underestimate him. This is an upright judge, a wise judge! Hates any man the thing he would not kill? You will have nothing but the penalty owed to you, which you can take at your own peril, Jew. Therefore, Jew, although you are seeking justice, consider this: if God sought justice against all of us with no mercy, we would all go to hell. But mercy is above the power of the scepter. Wouldn't everyone like to kill the things they hate? Take thrice thy money. That's very true. Take three times the money. I must humbly beg your pardon, your grace. I am informèd thoroughly of the cause.Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew? And we stand in your debt, and are always in your loving service. Refine any search. [giving GRATIANO the ring] Go, Gratiano, run and overtake him.Give him the ring and bring him, if thou canst, Unto Antonio’s house. Come, you and I will thither presently.And in the morning early will we bothFly toward Belmont. People's likes and dislikes are fickle and depend on a person's mood. There is no force in the decrees of Venice. An answer key is provided. But I don't think as highly of life itself, my wife, and all the world as of your life. Give him the ring, and, if you can, bring him to Antonio's house. If that will not suffice, I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart. I am not bound to please thee with my answers. And lawfully by this the Jew may claim A pound of flesh to be by him cut off Nearest the merchant’s heart.— Be merciful. You hear the learned Bellario, what he writes. It would set a bad precedent, and many errors would be made by following it as an example. Half of your wealth belongs to Antonio. I am sorry for you. It becomes. You might as well go stand on the beach and ask the tide not to come in as high as is its custom. Make room, so that he can stand right in front of me. I give you the same answer. Instant PDF downloads. Act 1 scene 3, introduces Shylock for the first time in 'The Merchant of Venice' as the plays villainous Jew. Satisfaction is the best reward. If I said that, you'd tell me that the slaves are yours. Send the will after me, and I will sign it. He is ready at the door. Three or four of you go and courteously bring him here. If you take more or less than a pound, even if it's just a twentieth lighter or heavier than the tiniest measure—. Come, Antonio. Come on, Antonio. You taught me first to beg, and now methinksYou teach me how a beggar should be answered. You press me far and therefore I will yield. But please let me keep this one. Shylock is an arresting presence and although Antonio may be the character for whom the novel is named, it is Shylock who has come to dominate our focus. In christening shalt thou have two godfathers. Repent but you that you shall lose your friend. Workbook Answers/ Solutions of The Merchant of Venice, Act 4 Scene 1: In this post, we will provide you complete details of the famous play “Merchant of Venice” Act 4 Scene 1 by Shakespeare.You can read the whole act from the images given below. Oh you wise judge! an inhuman wretch incapable of pity, completely empty of a single drop of mercy. Take some remembrance of us as a tribute. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. Make room, and let him stand before our face.—. But no blade, not even the executioner's axe, is half as sharp as your sharp envy. In which predicament I say thou stand’st, For it appears by manifest proceeding That indirectly—and directly too— Thou hast contrived against the very life Of the defendant, and thou hast incurred The danger formerly by me rehearsed. Come, prepare. Is dearly bought. I support the law. I have a daughter and I wish a descendant of. A king's scepter is a symbol of his earthly power, a source of awe and majesty, which makes people respect and fear him. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Soliloquy: an act of speaking one’s thoughts aloud when alone, especially by a character in a play. When they are fretten with the gusts of heaven. You know the law. The court awards it, and the law doth give it. If this will not suffice, it must appear That malice bears down truth.— [to DUKE] And I beseech you, Wrest once the law to your authority. I want the law to be upheld, the penalty, that which he must forfeit because of the loan. [to PORTIA] Most worthy gentleman, I and my friend Have by your wisdom been this day acquitted Of grievous penalties, in lieu whereof Three thousand ducats due unto the Jew We freely cope your courteous pains withal. Doesn't it, noble judge? Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your charge. Have by your wisdom been this day acquitted. It must not be. A court of justice. It dwells in the hearts of kings. PORTIA, disguised as the lawyer Balthazar, enters. Don't grieve because I have fallen into this misfortune on your behalf, for even in this situation Fortune has shown herself to be kinder than she usually is. Shylock, you are being offered three times the money you are owed. I hope you will welcome him graciously, and you will see how worthy of my recommendation he is.". This ring, good sir—oh, it's a trifle. It seems that you are a worthy judge. Antonio is brought before the Duke and the magnificoes of Venice to stand trial for failing to pay off his obligation to Shylock. It must not be. I am a tainted wether of the flock, Meetest for death. A second Daniel!—A Daniel, Jew!Now, infidel, I have you on the hip. Take three times the money. And I, delivering you, am satisfied, And therein do account myself well paid. LitCharts Teacher Editions. In which predicament I say thou stand’st, Thou hast contrived against the very life. Is that enough of an answer? dangerous flat and fatal, where the carcasses of many, a tall ship lie buried, as they say, if my gossip, Report be an honest woman of her word. Entreat some power to change this currish Jew. But little. Antonio and old Shylock, both of you come forward. Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, That thou but lead’st this fashion of thy malice, Thou'lt show thy mercy and remorse more strange, Which is a pound of this poor merchant’s flesh—, But—touched with human gentleness and love,—. (lines 40-43). But I don't think as highly of life itself, my wife, and all the world as of your life. The law has another requirement of you. It doth appear you are a worthy judge. [to ANTONIO] Therefore lay bare your bosom. There’s more depends on this than on the value. It is an attribute of God himself. [To himself] These men are such Christian husbands. I would have my bond. I didn't help you out of desire for payment. Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew? Were in six parts, and every part a ducat. And I am satisfied to have rescued you, so I feel rewarded enough. Are you familiar with the different sides of the case facing the court right now? His name is Balthazar. Your wife wouldn't be too happy to hear that, if she were around to hear you make that offer. Let their beds Be made as soft as yours and let their palates Be seasoned with such viands”? How shalt thou hope for mercy, rendering none? Let me drop like that fruit. Rather, let judgment be passed on me and let the Jew have his way without any more delay. Is that enough of an answer for you? Why then, the devil give him good of it!I’ll stay no longer question. NERISSA enters, disguised as a law clerk. Take care of your mind, young man, or it wall fall apart with time. [giving PORTIA a document] Here ’tis, most reverend doctor, here it is. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh Jew, No, not the hangman’s axe—bear half the keenness. You almost make me change my mind and agree with Pythagoras that the souls of animals enter the bodies of men. Yes, the money due to the state can be reduced, not the money due to Antonio. You'll see for yourself. Start studying Merchant of Venice Quotes, Act 3, Scene 2, 3, 4 & Act 4, Scene 1. Salarino tries to comfort Antonio but is unsuccessful. You have come here to face an adversary as stubborn as a rock, an inhuman wretch incapable of pity, completely empty of a single drop of mercy. Why, that's the lady; all the world desires her; Morocco uses exaggeration to say that the beauty of Portia is so great that men travel from the all over the world, crossing deserts, crossing through the oceans like they were tiny streams, to look upon her beauty and try to woo her. In the meantime, the court will hear Bellario's letter. Which one of these men is the merchant, and which is the Jew? Why do you make them sweat doing work? Shall I say to you, “Let them be free! Why, this bond is forfeit! Refine any search. Find related themes, quotes, symbols, characters, and more. Governed a wolf who, hanged for human slaughter. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow. [gives DUKE a letter], Yes, from both, my lord. To let the wretched man outlive his wealth, To view with hollow eye and wrinkled brow. I see, sir, you are liberal in offers. Don't grieve because I have fallen into this misfortune on your behalf, for even in this situation Fortune has shown herself to be kinder than she usually is. It's not in the contract. This study note summarises the events of Act 4 and Act 5 of the Merchant of Venice. 'Tis very true. Humanism was a literary and cultural movement during the Renaissance that rejected medieval scholasticism in favor of ancient writings. If you deny me, your laws mean nothing and there's no power to legal agreements in Venice. I humbly do desire your grace of pardon.I must away this night toward Padua, And it is meet I presently set forth. Don't pardon me. Yes, here, I have the money for him in the court, even twice the sum. A Daniel is now judging, yes, a Daniel! Why not let their beds be as soft as yours and let them eat the same fine foods as you? I would lose all of it—yes, I would sacrifice everything to this devil standing here—to rescue you. And he repents not that he pays your debt. Look, Jew, a wise judge! I pray thee, pursue sentence. Thyself shalt see the act.For as thou urgest justice, be assuredThou shalt have justice more than thou desirest. ... Definitions and examples of 136 literary terms and devices. You have among you many purchased slaves that you use horribly like donkeys, dogs, or mules because you bought them. Don't shed any blood, and don't cut any more or less than exactly one pound of flesh. He shall do this, or else I do recantThe pardon that I late pronouncèd here. Would any of the stock of Barabbas Had been her husband rather than a Christian!— We trifle time. You might as well ask the wolf why he makes the ewe cry by eating the lamb. If none of this is enough, then Shylock's malice overwhelms his honesty. Beg that you can have permission to hang yourself. O, be thou damned, inexecrable dog, And for thy life let justice be accused! Give me your hand, Bassanio. He will have only justice and the penalty owed to him. And you must cut this flesh from off his breast. However Act 4 scene 1 does make it hard to label the Merchant of Venice a comedy because something like this almost seems out of place in a comedy. A Daniel come to judgment, yea, a Daniel!—O wise young judge, how I do honor thee! There is something else. The quality of mercy is not strained. It is enthronèd in the hearts of kings. I am armed and well prepared.—. Well then, I hope the devil gets him for this! So get ready to cut off the flesh. It is widely thought that you will not only forget about the penalty, a pound of this poor merchant's flesh, but will even let some of the money go, touched by human gentleness and love, out of pity for the losses that recently have come to weigh upon Antonio, which were enough to ruin a royal merchant, enough to make even the stone-hearted feel bad for him, enough to make even the stubborn Turks and Tartars, who aren't used to showing any courtesy, take pity on him. Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet, And whilst thou layest in thy unhallowed dam. Actually, they are going to Venice, disguised as men. There is no power in Venice Can alter a decree establishèd. Don't pardon me. We pray to God for mercy, and that same prayer should teach us all to show mercy to others. You have among you many a purchased slave, Which—like your asses and your dogs and mules— You use in abject and in slavish parts Because you bought them. [reads] “Your grace shall understand that at the receipt of your letter I am very sick, but in the instant that yourmessenger came, in loving visitation was with me a young doctor of Rome. He is absolutely certain that the Duke of Venice will see that justice is carried out according to the terms of the bargain. We freely cope your courteous pains withal. And unless your wife is a crazy person, if she knows what I have done to deserve the ring she won't be mad forever at you for giving it to me. Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh, One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods. I have spoke thus much To mitigate the justice of thy plea, Which if thou follow, this strict court of Venice Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant there. It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven. The other half goes to the state, and this may be reduced to a simple fine if you show humility. The audience knows that this doctor is actually the person as this "mad wife." Is it answered? 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