The Romans had their own ideas of how things should be done. An introduction for KS1/KS2 pupils to why and how the Romans built a network of roads in Britain. To research what has been found in Danebury interior using questions they generated in previous session. Reading contour lines from ubp.buckscc.gov.uk Build a simple hill fort from bbc.co.uk, Receive news and updates about Hamilton Trust, ©2020 Hamilton Trust In Britain, the Iron Age began in about 800BC and, as its name suggests, it came about when people discovered how to produce iron. These hill forts gave the tribes an excellent view, allowing them to … These are called hill-forts. Iron allowed people to make better tools for farming and daily life, as well as better weapons. How to read an archaeological site plan and images of Danebury. In Iron Age Britain many people lived in hill forts to keep them safe from being attacked with these dangerous iron weapons. Migration. Construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information. After viewing the video, teachers could ask pupils to create their own case studies of hill forts and to annotate maps to show where these might have been built. Access to all key stages for up to 30 teachers. After viewing the video, teachers could ask pupils to create their own case studies of hill forts and to annotate maps to show where these might have been built. An introduction to industrialisation for KS1/KS2 pupils. What was life like in an Iron Age hill fort? Some hill forts were almost like small towns. But if there’s one thing they have in common, it’s that they’re all ontop of hills, right? Aerial Iron age hill forts and settlements of the Britain . This is Maiden Castle, an Iron Age hill fort in Dorset, which historians believe was built almost three thousand years ago. Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps. This session does not need any provided resources. Use the symbols and key of Ordnance Survey maps. This video gives pupils an introduction to Iron Age hill forts. To make a 3D contour model of a section of map with a hill fort on it. KS2 History - Hill Fort Worksheet This worksheet tasks pupils with labelling the different feature of an Iron Age Hill Fort, along with a completed version for reference. They were full of wooden houses with thatched roofs made of straw. Donate £33 to get individual access to your key stage. How Do We Know About These Weapons? Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends. Some are interpreted as being defensive, some for settlement, some for storing grain and others simply for showing off. But unless the fine was under attack, they stood empty, waiting until they were needed. The largest and most complex Iron Age hill fort in Britain today is Maiden Castle in Dorset. Types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water. Celtic Hill Forts. Archaeologist Raksha Dave explores Maiden Castle – the biggest Iron Age Hill Fort in Britain. To research whether all hill forts were on hills. Hillforts are one of the most prominent types of prehistoric monument across many parts the British Isles and Ireland as well as being the most obvious legacy of the Iron Age period. Learn about the background of hill forts. Buy one or more copies of the Ordnance Survey's map of Ancient Britain, Print out or photocopy a map of Britain from the internet or an atlas on A4 for each group. Privacy Policy, This site uses cookies to give you the most relevant information. BBC Teach > Primary Resources > History KS1 / History KS2 > Explain This... History. Investigate one hill fort in detail and produce a reconstruction drawing or model of a hill fort. The hill fort was considered a temporary retreat. Make a 3D contour model of a map section with a hill fort. Year 5 and Year 6 children gain an understanding of the range of hill forts and their significance in Iron Age society. By the end of Key Stage 2, children will learn about life in Britain during the Stone and Iron Ages. An introduction for KS1/KS2 pupils to the impact of the digital revolution over the past 50 years. Pupils could carry out fieldwork to explore the shape of the land around hill forts and see if they can find evidence of the remains of hill forts in these locations. Providing invaluable defensive strongholds, hill forts were a common feature of Bronze and Iron Age Europe. The video also shows how the remains of some of these hill forts can still be seen in the United Kingdom today. Terms & Conditions What advantage did this offer? We can still see evidence of some of them today. Locate hill forts on local Ordnance Survey maps. Address historically valid questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance. They were protected by wooden walls which kept enemies out. Find your local hill fort: Searchable database for local historical information from heritagegateway.org.ukEnglish Heritage site searchable for local historical information from pastscape.org.uk Images and information about hill forts in the UK from digitaldigging.net. Access to this resource requires any key stage licence. Use in conjunction with our Hill Fort Worksheets.Tags in this resource: Hands-on-Potters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngPotters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngSculpting-Hands-Clay-Pottery-KS2.png Some are ovoid, some are rectilinear, some have single ramparts (known as univallate hillforts) and some have many (known as multivallate). Transfer features from one map to another of a different scale. Ordnance Survey's Map of Ancient Britain from ordnancesurvey.co.ukTimeline of Iron Age Britain from bbc.co.uk For photographic image of hill forts from geograph.org.ukBuild a simple hill fort from bbc.co.uk. Some hill forts were almost like small towns. An introduction for KS1/KS2 pupils to migration and how migration to and from the United Kingdom has changed over time. Iron Age Britain was a violent place. Use a plan from an archaeological dig to draw or model a structure. It can be used alongside maps of localities to explore where pupils think hill forts might have been built and why. To make it difficult for enemies to attack, tribes surrounded there hill forts with huge mounds of earth, ditches and wooden walls. Information about Danebury from hants.gov.uk Blog posts about Danebury by its excavator, Prof. Barry Cuncliffe from digitaldigging.net. Understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources. Select and present historical information. Maiden Castle in England is one of the largest hillforts in Europe. To introduce the historical background of hill forts, explore the range of different types of hill forts and their distribution. There are 1,224 hill forts in England. To explore what life was like at Danebury hill fort. To protect themselves, they built forts on the tops of hills. Hill forts developed in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, roughly the start of the first millennium BC, and were in use by the ancient Britons until the Roman conquest. Understand the differential distribution of hill forts across the country. Create an information poster to inform others. They will develop knowledge about the purpose of hill forts… Follow and generate four or six-figure grid references. Select, record and present historical information. Although some originate in the Bronze Age, the majority of hill forts in Britain were constructed during the Iron Age (about 8th century BC to the Roman conquest of Britain).There was a trend in the 2nd century BC for hill forts to fall out of use. What Are KS2 Kids Taught About The Iron Age? William Rowan Hamilton Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (1150524), By using this site, you accept our Become familiar with sketch maps and plans. Record the grid reference for the hill fort. Small multivallate hill forts are those which have an internal area of less than 5ha, with the majority measuring between l and 3.5ha. Name and locate counties and cities of the UK, geographical regions and their key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns, and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time. Use in conjunction with our All about Hillforts PowerPoint.Tags in this resource: hillfort-.png These new weapons were stronger than Stone or Bronze Age weapons and, of course, with more dangerous weapons, people needed new ways to defend themselves from attack. There are around 3,300 structures that can be classed as hillforts or similar “defended enclosures” within Britain, all … Other Iron Age weapons include knives and lances. Understand different methods of historical enquiry. Investigate one hill fort in detail and produce a reconstruction drawing or model of a hill fort. This resource can be used as a labelling exercise to assess pupils’ understanding, as a general resource to support writing or for display. Read and generate four and six-figure grid references. Hill forts were huge things that could hold everyone in the village in times of attack. Hill forts were raised defended settlements, often built on cliff tops or large knolls and spurs, that provided trading centres and secure enclosed habitats for people during the Bronze and Iron Ages. An introduction for KS1/KS2 pupils to migration and how migration to and from the United Kingdom has changed over time. Photocopies of an Ordnance Survey map of your local area, Photocopies of Ordnance Survey: Explorer map 131 showing Danebury and Woolbury hill forts. This Iron Age Hill Fort KS2 outstanding lesson allows pupils to work as history detective Time Teams to solve the Iron Age murder mystery Why were hill forts built on hills? Create a profile of an archaeological feature. Suggested activities: A hillfort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. Use in conjunction with our Hill Fort Activity Sheets.Tags in this resource: Hands-on-Potters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngPotters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngSculpting-Hands-Clay-Pottery-KS2.png The Iron Age. Ordnance Survey's Map of Ancient Britain from ordnancesurvey.co.ukOrdnance Survey Explorer map 131 from ordnancesurvey.co.uk How to use grid references from getoutside.ordnancesurvey.co.ukReading four figure grid references from slideshare.net Reading six figure grid references from slideshare.net. Learn more. Read about our approach to external linking. Hill forts were built on hilltops and surrounded by huge banks (mounds) of soil and ditches. Teach KS2 children about hill forts, how and why they were built, as well as their limitations. Answer historical questions using map-reading skills. All were built between the sixth century BC and the mid-first century AD though most originated in the fourth to second centuries BC and only a … We find out how it was built - with a succession of steeply-rising ramparts and ditches - … Devise historically valid questions and investigate answers from a range of sources. Reading contour lines from ubp.buckscc.gov.ukA list of ten must-see Iron Age hill forts from heritagedaily.comHill forts in the UK from digitaldigging.net. William Rowan Hamilton Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (1150524), A list of ten must-see Iron Age hill forts, Blog posts about Danebury by its excavator, Prof. Barry Cuncliffe, Searchable database for local historical information, English Heritage site searchable for local historical information, Images and information about hill forts in the UK. Generate questions about a historical topic. Gain an understanding of the range of hill forts and their significance in Iron Age society. Make or draw a reconstruction of a hill fort, including physical geography features and interior details. The Celts did not like to live closely together. They were full of wooden houses with thatched roofs made of straw. Hill-slope hillforts, rather than "enclosing the hilltop in the manner of contour forts, are situated on the sloping ground on one side of it, overlooked by the crest", whilst plateau forts "face level ground on all sides, regardless of their elevation above sea-level"; these final forts then are often, although by no means always, located in plateaus, hence their name. The resource includes a detailed lesson plan, Powerpoint and pupil resource sheets. To undertake practical map reading and produce a sketch map of the hill fort and a profile of the rampart. This short film is relevant for teaching History at KS1 and KS2 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and 1st and 2nd Level in Scotland. The video explores how and where these hill forts were built and which locations and methods were used to protect inhabitants from enemy attack. Teachers can use the sheet to support their own knowledge or use it as the basis of a comprehension activity with pupils. They are typically European and of the Bronze and Iron Ages. Take part in real fieldwork at a hill fort. Draw a scale reconstruction of the hill fort they visited or previously studied including features of physical geography like watercourses and gradients. A full lesson for KS2 introducing Iron Age hillforts. Being above your enemy was an advantage in battle. Wrong. Hill Forts typically dominate entire landscapes, boasting clear views for miles in every direction, and they are commonly within sight of other forts. Working in groups, pupils could discuss why they think these locations were chosen and how they would have offered protection from enemies to people living inside them. Knowledge of the location of your local hill fort. We know about these weapons because archaeologists have discovered them in … Present the human and physical aspects of a local historic landscape. To explore the physical remains of a hill fort and understand some archaeological methods of gathering evidence. It describes the Iron Age population of Britain and how they lived in tribal communities. While the most famous ones (like Ingleborough, Castle Bank an… Hill forts were made by adding ditches and timber palisades, stone- and earth-filled wooden frames or cobble stone structures such as towers, walls and ramparts to existing homes or villages. The forts were surrounded by walls and ditches which helped warriors defend their people from enemy attacks. Ideas on setting up a pretend hill fort in your school grounds and surveying instruction sheet. Follow grid references and use a map and compass to find geographical features. This video is an ideal tool to help pupils to understand how and why Iron Age hill forts were built in Britain. Research into life in Danebury in the Iron Age and find hill forts using grid references. It can be used to discuss the process of building hill forts and to consider the lives of people living inside them. This discovery had a dramatic impact on everyday life. Hill forts were common across Britain until the Romans invaded in AD43. Iron tools made farming much easier than before and settlements grew in size. The vast multiple ramparts enclose an area the size of 50 football pitches! You do not need any particular resources for this session. Identify features on a map using a key. Learning about the Iron Age begins in lower Key Stage 2, which is Year 3. They were home to many people, who would have lived in wooden houses with thatched roofs made out of straw. To explore where hill forts are built and why they were built in those locations. Write a narrative about the development of the hill fort based on evidence from that site or elsewhere. Pupils will discover what life was like in an Iron Age hill fort in Britain. Pre-Roman Britain – 1c Iron Age Hill Forts. Teachers and pupils could develop timelines of British history, indicating in which era hill forts were built and then explore what existed before and after hill forts as part of a historical study. Some well-known hill forts in Britain, include: Mam Tor (Derbyshire), Maiden Castle (Dorset), Crickley Hill Fort (Gloucestershire), Danebury Ring (Hamphsire), Beacon Hill Fort (Herefordshire), Warham Camp (Norfolk), Uffington Castle (Oxfordshire), South Cadbury Hill Fort (Somerset), Figsbury Ring (Wiltshire), Bredon Hill (Worcestershire), Anglesey (Wales). An introduction to Iron Age hill forts for KS1/KS2 pupils. KS2 History - Hill Forts Information Sheet This sheet contains a number of pages with different layouts of a diagram of a hill fort. They were full of wooden houses with thatched roofs made of straw. There were huts and cattle enclosures standing ready at all times. At this time, most people across Britain and Ireland lived in Celtic tribes. Usually formed of huge earthen banks and ditches, hillforts come in all shapes and sizes. Teach KS2 children about hill forts, how and why they were built, as well as their limitations. Start to interpret the archaeological evidence on a site. Some hill forts were almost like small towns. Know and understand the history of the British Isles as a coherent, chronological narrative. Strongholds such as hill forts … What evidence of hill forts remain in the United Kingdom today? KS2 children label the features of an Iron Age hillfort and explain the purpose of each feature. Ordinary settlements, however, commonly evolve in areas of convenience; by a river for drinking water, trading routes, a harbour, or good road communications. Ask questions about cause and significance. Sometimes groups of houses were built on the top of hills. Use maps to identify some well-known and local hill forts. Photograph taken in 1935 by Major George Allen (1891–1940). Iron Age hill forts were once a common sight across Britain. Dotted across the landscape of Britain and Ireland, hillforts have been part of our story for millennia and for the first time a new online atlas launched today captures … Without a doubt, they were constructed in response to a rise in violence: but what caused the rise in violence is not as clear, although a widening economic gap between rich and poor people is a … These hill forts gave the tribes an excellent view, allowing them to see enemies coming from miles away. Around 800BC people in Britain learned how to use iron. Inside the hill forts, families lived in … Understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from different sources. Age begins in lower key Stage 2, children will learn about life in Danebury in the United Kingdom.. 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